Learning Chinese: 10 words you should know
The International Day of the Chinese Language is o April, 20. The date was chosen for a reason: it is believed that the founder of Chinese writing, Qian Jie, was born on this day (although his date of birth is nowhere documented, and there are even theories that he is a mythical character). Before he created hieroglyphic writing, the Chinese used knotty writing, a method of recording information that involved tying a variety of knots on different colored ropes. By the way, if you’re only starting learning Chinese and you’ll probably don’t know where to start. We recommend you start by learning phrases (written below) and begin to write simple sentences. You may need someone who will check it. It could be your teacher, friend or someone who knows this language. For that, you can use the edit my essay service.
History of Chinese language
Modern Chinese is considered the most widespread language in the world. It is spoken by more than 1.3 billion people in the world. It has more than 80 thousand characters, however, the basic knowledge is enough to know 500 – which will allow understanding 80% of the usual text. To read newspapers and magazines, you need to know 3,000 characters.
The Chinese language is one of the oldest surviving languages on the planet. The enormous size of the Chinese empire and the incoherence of the regions gave rise to many dialects and dialects. Over time, southerners and northerners ceased to understand each other, to the point that they had to write phrases on paper to communicate. About a hundred years ago, the Chinese realized that they could not go on and decided to adopt the Beijing dialect (it’s called Putonghua or Pinyin), and in 1955 it became the official language of the state. Today it is the language of television, literature, and official documents; it is the language of higher education and spoken by educated Chinese. The same standard of pronunciation is most commonly understood as “Mandarin Chinese”, although this is not entirely accurate, since linguists use this term to refer to the entire northern group of Chinese dialects.
Generally speaking, as you have already realized, the Chinese language is one of the most complicated languages in the world. The Chinese themselves are generally friendly to foreigners, especially to those who know a little Chinese. However, according to foreigners who speak fluent Chinese, the Chinese have an ambivalent attitude toward them. Especially if you start to show off your knowledge from the start, you will deprive the Chinese of an opportunity to be an inhabitant of a big and mysterious country in your eyes.
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10 SIMPLE PHRASES IN CHINESE
Hello! 你好！(literal translation means “you are good”) Ni hao!
Thank you! 谢谢！ Se se!
You’re welcome! (reply to thanks) 不客气！ Bu khe tsi!
Excuse me 对不起 Dui bu qi.
My name is… 我叫… Wo jiao…
Beautiful 好看 (about the thing) /漂亮(about the person) Hao kan / piao liang
Goodbye 再见 [zài jiàn] zai jiàn
Good/bad 好/不好 [hǎo] [bùhǎo] Hao/Buhao
Does anyone here speak Russian? 这里有人会说俄语吗？Zheli yujen hui sho eui ma?
I love you 我 爱 你 Wo ai nyi
By the way, there are no “yes” and “no” in Chinese, at least as we understand it. This is quite reflective of the Chinese mentality. Instead of two simple words, the Chinese use more than 20 particles of negation or agreement. Moreover, when a Chinese person says “yes,” he or she may well mean “no.”